Lyme-Krankheit bei Hunden vorbeugen

April ist der Monat der Borrelioseprävention bei Hunden. (Fragen Sie sich nicht auch, wer all diese besonderen Tage und Monate zuweist?) Borreliose ist auf jeden Fall ein großes Problem, vor allem wenn man im Nordosten lebt. Da es so aussieht, als ob der Frühling endlich da ist und wir mehr Zeit im Freien verbringen, ist es an der Zeit, über Zecken und Borrelioseprävention nachzudenken.

Die Borreliose ist eine der häufigsten von Zecken übertragenen (bakteriellen) Krankheiten der Welt. Sie wird in der Regel durch einen Zeckenbiss auf Hunde übertragen. Offenbar müssen sich Zecken mindestens 12 Stunden lang ernähren, bevor sie die Borreliose verursachenden Bakterien übertragen können.

The best way to avoid infection is prevention. Make sure your dog is taking a monthly parasite preventatives (e.g. Advantix – see also our article on Advantix vs Frontline). If you’re going out into the woods or elsewhere outside where you believe there are ticks, consider another layer of prevention via a tick collar (e.g. Preventic). Not sure if your area has a risk of Lyme disease from ticks? Check out this great map from the ALDF.

After you’ve gone outside in a possible tick zone, make sure to check your dog for ticks. You can easily combine this with your dog’s grooming routine.

Wie kann man eine Zecke entfernen?

According to VCA Hospitals, if you find a tick moving on your pet, the tick has not fed (whew!). Remove the tick promptly and place it in rubbing alcohol or crush it between two solid surfaces.
If you find a tick attached to your pet, remain calm. Then get a pair of tweezers and grasp the tick with tweezers near the dog’s skin and firmly pull it straight out. Make sure you protect your fingers from exposure by using a tissue or a disposable glove.

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Zecken können klein sein!

If you crush the tick, do not get the tick’s contents, including blood, on your skin. The spirochete that causes Lyme disease can pass through a wound or cut in your skin. Before you toss out the tick, consider keeping the dead tick (i.e. very well wrapped up and in a safe place) so you can take it to your vet (or your doctor if you were possibly also bitten). The tick can be tested for diseases. While it won’t necessarily rule out if you or your dog contracted Lyme disease (you could have been bitten by another tick), it doesn’t hurt to have more information. The University of Massachusetts Laboratory of Medical Zoology (LMZ) has a two minute video that explains their tick testing service and a bit of background about their “Save the Ticks” campaign.

Prevention – the first line of defense

According to Erika de Papp, DVM, DACVIM in New England 50-75% of dogs tested may be positive for Lyme disease. Most dogs that test positive are not clinically ill, which makes it difficult to determine which dogs should be treated. Apparently only about 10% of dogs that have tested positive will ever develop clinical illness from infection with the Lyme organism, so many veterinarians argue that treatment is not necessary for seemingly healthy dogs. There are two Lyme tests that assist vets in determining if the infection is active / recent. If your dog tests positive on a screening test, you should discuss additional testing with your veterinarian to determine if treatment is warranted. The most common signs of illness from Lyme disease are lameness, fever, lethargy and enlarged lymph nodes. The majority of dogs respond very well to antibiotic treatment.

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Weitere Informationen zum Schutz vor Zeckenbissen und zur Vorbeugung von durch Zecken übertragenen Krankheiten finden Sie im TickEncounter Resource Center (TERC) der University of Rhode Island. Denken Sie daran, diese wichtigen Themen und Fragen auch mit Ihrem Tierarzt zu besprechen.

8 thoughts on “Prevent Lyme Disease in Dogs”

  1. Yikes, ticks are some of the worst parasites for sure! I just removed the first tick of the season on one of my client’s Australian Shepherds. Thankfully, it was still moving on his leg and was easily spotted thanks to the pup’s light colored coat. The sucker was crushed after I got him off with my Tick Twister I always carry on me.

  2. Wir verwenden einen Zeckenschlüssel und niemals eine Pinzette, weil wir befürchten, dass wir zu fest zudrücken und das Gift in die Wunde quetschen. Zeckenschlüssel sind preiswert und funktionieren gut. Auch für Lymes sind die Behandlungen für Hunde sehr wirksam, aber wir verwenden immer noch Frontline, um Zecken zu schützen, da es schlimmere von Zecken übertragene Krankheiten gibt als Lymes.

  3. Lyme disease is no fun! Even though I check Barley for ticks after every excursion and she’s on flea and tick prevention, she still got infected. Luckily, she doesn’t seem affected by Lyme–she’s never exhibited much lethargy and no lameness–because even several rounds of antibiotics didn’t lower her C6 antibody levels to anywhere near a normal level. We are committed to a life time of tests to make sure that her kidneys aren’t affected by it.

  4. Mann, wir hassen Zecken, und egal, was wir tun, ein paar finden jedes Jahr ihren Weg zu uns. Neulich waren wir im dichten Präriegras unterwegs, aber wir sind froh, zwei Hunde, keine Zecken, Menschen mehrere Zecken zu haben. Ich schätze, die Hunde machen irgendetwas richtig!


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